The 10 Biggest Revelations From Edward Snowden's Leaks

Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Image: Barton Gellman/Getty Images

One year ago, the Guardian published its first bombshell story based on leaked top-secret documents showing that the National Security Agency was spying on American citizens.

At the time, journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian never mentioned that they had a treasure trove of other NSA documents, nor that they came from one person. Then three days later, the source surprisingly unmasked himself: His name was Edward Snowden.

Journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian won a Pulitzer Prize for reporting based on Snowden's information.

Manal al-Sharif is best known for challenging laws and mores that keep women down in her native country.

抄底者涌入?北京新房成交量环比增长54.8%

The only family comedy/drama you need to see this year.
澳大利亚一名女子将其猫咪们遗弃在家里,最后这些猫咪们竟同类相食,目前该女子已被判虐待动物罪。
她称自己在成为歌手前本来是想当演员的,不过她的音乐事业先获得了成功。她还说“我感觉自己就像电影《月色撩人》中的雪儿。这是我人生中最精彩的时刻之一。”
Someone might tell you to ‘Be yourself' in the interview. Don't be yourself. That's the worst advice ever. We don't want people who are neurotic and quirky and whatever else. All we care about is your skill and experience.

1. Secret court orders allow NSA to sweep up Americans' phone records

The very first story revealed that Verizon had been providing the NSA with virtually all of its customers' phone records. It soon was revealed that it wasn't just Verizon, but 杭州萧山高价地楼盘亏本入市,还有房企变相降价卖房 in America.

This revelation is still one of the most controversial ones. Privacy advocates have challenged the legality of the program in court, and one Judge deemed the program unconstitutional and "almost Orwellian," while another one ruled it legal.

The uproar caused by this first story has led President Barack Obama to endorse a reform to the program, and the House of Representatives to pass the first law that tries to change it.

2. PRISM

The existence of PRISM was the second NSA bombshell, coming less than 24 hours after the first one. Initially, reports described PRISM as the NSA's program to directly access the servers of U.S tech giants like Google, Facebook, Microsoft and Apple, among others.

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PRISM, we soon learned, was less less evil than first thought. In reality, the NSA doesn't have direct access to the servers, but can request user data from the companies, which are compelled by law to comply.

PRISM was perhaps as controversial as the first NSA scoop, prompting technology companies to first deny any knowledge of it, then later fight for the right to be more transparent about government data requests. The companies ended up partially winning that fight, getting the government to ease some restrictions and allow for more transparency.

3. Britain's version of the NSA taps fiber optic cables around the world

其中,由于IT/互联网/通讯/电子行业迅猛发展,吸纳了近三成的2016年应届毕业生。
'12 Years A Slave' is shattering and anguishing, a singular anomaly in an entertainment medium. More than that, Steve McQueen's hugely ambitious chronicle of slavery in America is revelatory, a work of art that has been embraced by mainstream audiences. That's a testimony to the power of art (as expressed in John Ridley's script and performances by Chiwetel Ejiofor, Lupita Nyong'o and Michael Fassbender, among others), and heartening evidence of moviegoers' hunger for substance and meaning in the films they choose to see.
'For now she wears a dab of lipstick and nail varnish.'
香港科技大学(Hong Kong University of Science and Technology)和凯洛格管理学院(Kellogg School of Management)合办的中美EMBA项目重新夺回英国《金融时报》100个最佳EMBA项目排行榜的冠军宝座。

Tempora is one of the key NSA/GCHQ programs, allowing the spy agencies to collect vasts troves of data, but for some reason, it has sometimes been overlooked. After a couple of months from the Tempora revelation, a German newspaper revealed the names of the companies that collaborate with the GCHQ in the Tempora program: Verizon Business, British Telecommunications, Vodafone Cable, Global Crossing, Level 3, Viatel and Interoute.

4. NSA spies on foreign countries and world leaders

U.S. President Barack Obama, right, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are seated together at a G7 dinner in Brussels, on June 4. Their relationship has been tense since reports revealed that the NSA tapped Merkel's phone.

伦敦商学院(LBS)连续三年蝉联欧洲商学院排行榜桂冠,但其在欧洲大陆的竞争对手在用于编制榜单的单项排名中领先。
This year, several professions geared toward serving the financial and health needs of an aging population made the top ten, says Lee, including audiologist, financial planner, and physical therapist.
明年就是这只会说话的萌熊诞生60周年了。为了纪念帕丁顿熊诞生60周年,曾执导2014年口碑和票房都大获成功的电影《帕丁顿熊》的保罗?金回归续集担任导演。在当前这个连儿童娱乐节目都充斥着黑暗和暴力的时代,我们比以往任何时候都需要这种安静地讲述英国普通人生活的片子。这部新电影的情节?事实上,没有太多情节:根据上部电影的结尾,帕丁顿熊现在和温莎花园的布朗一家舒适地生活在一起。他想从一个当地的书商那里给他的姨妈买一本立体书,但发现自己还差几英镑,于是他就穿上了自己的长筒雨靴和粗呢连帽外套,并找到了几份兼职工作——结果却发现这本书在书店被偷了!神秘的破案之旅(其实也没那么严重)就此开始。你在电影中还可以看到关于“橘子酱控”帕丁顿熊的更多笑话。该片将于11月10日在英国上映,11月23日在德国上映,11月30日在柬埔寨和马来西亚上映。(资料来源:欧映嘉纳)

智能家居崛起:行业急需建立统一标准

Bank of China followed the trend, with profits up only 1.3 per cent and ROAA declining by 0.1 percentage points.
The contiguous United States set a temperature record in 2012, a year of scorching heat waves and drought. But, mostly because of the unusual chill in the East, 2014 was only the 34th warmest year on record for the lower 48 states.

The German newsweekly Der Spiegel revealed that the NSA targets at least 122 world leaders.

Other stories over the past years have named specific targets like German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Brazil's President Dilma Roussef, and Mexico's former President Felipe Calderon, the French Foreign Ministry, as well as leaders at the 2010 G8 and G20 summits in Toronto.

5. XKeyscore, the program that sees everything

XKeyscore is a tool the NSA uses to search "nearly everything a user does on the Internet" through data it intercepts across the world. In leaked documents, the NSA describes it as the "widest-reaching" system to search through Internet data.

6. NSA efforts to crack encryption and undermine Internet security

Encryption makes data flowing through the Internet unreadable to hackers and spies, making the NSA's surveillance programs less useful. What's the point of tapping fiber optic cables if the data flowing through them is unreadable? That's why the NSA has a developed a 都在谈涂装一体化 涂企必须得进行一体化吗? to circumvent widely used web encryption technologies.

Taken together, these events and strategic initiatives highlight the Chinese aerospace industry’s realization that, in order to become a globally competitive player, it will need depth as much as breadth. After getting their hands on both ends of the value chain—aircraft design and final assembly—the Chinese now understand that what will make or break their industry over the long term is what happens in the middle of the value chain, at the component and subsystem levels. And that is why China’s ambition to compete with Boeing and Airbus, as well as with GE and Rolls-Royce for aircraft engines, is now more credible than ever.
研究人员表示,去年之所以特别引人瞩目,是因为除了1月和4月以外,每个月都会创下新的全球高温记录,或与记录持平。
何塞安东尼奥梅亚德(José Antonio Meade)会成为下一任墨西哥总统吗?
romantic

百强房企市场集中度继续提升

“Even though there is significant awareness [of the role of Fed policy], market dynamics can become unstable or unfavourable relatively easily,” he says. “Then you get into a self-reinforcing cycle of selling pressure.”
2013年北京入境游客的减少可谓出乎意料。此前北京市出台了72小时过境免签等多项新政策,其目的正是为了促进旅游产业发展。
vi. 自制
平均月薪最高的为IT/互联网/通讯/电子行业,应届生平均薪资水平为5693元;其次是金融行业和文化/体育/娱乐/传媒,平均薪资水平分别为4685元和4552元;农/林/牧/渔/其他、服务业和文教体育/工艺美术是应届生签约行业中薪资水平较低的行业,月薪分别为3500元、3873元和3900元。
[娱乐时尚] Chanel,Now and Then 香奈儿的现在与
Mr. Anderson wanted an abundance and a variety of facial hair on the men, with no beard or mustache adorning each actor’s face in quite the same way. It’s a veritable hipster’s row of styles, from pencils to handlebars to a black-and-gray goatee worn by Jeff Goldblum.
Nothing Gold Can Stay
1961年11月9日,扬妮克?里德在南安普顿大学上空骑着一辆形状非常像飞机的自行车——世界上第一辆会飞的自行车诞生了。这辆自行车被称为南安普顿大学的人力飞机(塞桑普顿大学号)。为使自行车飞离地面,德里克刚开始猛烈地踩脚踏板,然后自行车在离地面1.8米(6英尺)的高处飞行,最终飞行了64米(210英尺)。即使飞行速度很缓慢,飞行距离也很短,但这仍是第一辆会飞的自行车,同时,也是第一辆"人力飞车"。
Chris Washington, played by London-born Daniel Kaluuya, is drawn into the sinister underbelly of a small American community.

7. NSA elite hacking team techniques revealed

The NSA has at its disposal an elite hacker team codenamed "Tailored Access Operations" (TAO) that hacks into computers worldwide, infects them with malware and does the dirty job when other surveillance tactics fail.

Der Spiegel, which detailed TAO's secrets, labelled it as "a squad of plumbers that can be called in when normal access to a target is blocked." But they can probably be best described as the NSA's black bag operations team.

美国演员、作家、时装设计师、舞蹈演员、制片人、歌手——拥有这么多头衔的珍妮弗·洛佩兹是2015年全球十大美女的亚军。作为一个结过三次婚的女星,洛佩兹的感情问题一直都是世界各国媒体关注的焦点。除涉足娱乐圈外,她还在商业领域颇有建树,其中包括经营服装、配饰、香水等。此外,她拥有一家制片公司,主持电视节目,还成立了一家慈善机构。
In that meeting, he told Jacobs that such problems would decrease, as China is reforming its management system in science and technology, according to a statement by the association on Friday.
The frame is easily assembled and attaches to paddle boards, kayaks, and rafts.
“这是我们租户运动生死攸关的时刻,”大都会住宅委员会(Metropolitan Council on Housing)的项目总监伊拉娜·迈尔(Ilana Maier)说,“如果我们现在不能大举强化规定,那么这些政策在十年内都发挥不了作用。”
10.Michigan's Upper Peninsula, the US

8. NSA cracks Google and Yahoo data center links

When bulk collection or PRISM fails, the NSA had other tricks up its sleeve: It could infiltrate links connecting Yahoo and Google data centers, behind the companies' backs.

据BusinessInsider.com报道,麦嘉华夸张地说,“QE基本上会成为我们下半辈子日常生活的一部分”。麦嘉华还说,2010年在贝南克灾难性试验的早期阶段,他曾给出“美联储奔向QE99”的警告。

This story truly enraged the tech companies, which reacted with much more fury than before. Google and Yahoo announced plans to strengthen and encrypt those links to avoid this kind of surveillance, and a Google security employee even said on his Google+ account what many others must have thought privately: "Fuck these guys."

9. NSA collects text messages

It's not just about Internet data though. The NSA, following its unofficial motto of "collecting it all," intercepts 200 million text messages every day worldwide through a program called Dishfire.

The U.S. Veterans Day holiday also coincides with other World War One-era holidays around the world, including Remembrance Day in Britain and the Commonwealth nations of Australia and Canada.
至少希拉里今年赢得了点什么。我相信她会非常兴奋。

Other documents also revealed that the NSA can "easily" crack cellphone encryption, allowing the agency to more easily decode and access the content of intercepted calls and text messages.

10. NSA intercepts all phone calls in two countries

The NSA intercepts and stores all phone calls made in the Bahamas and Afghanistan through a program called MYSTIC, which has its own snazzy logo.

The Bahamas was revealed by The Intercept, Greenwald's new website, while the second was revealed by WikiLeaks, which protested The Intercept's decision to withhold the second country's name.

2. Livers grow by almost half during waking hours. New research suggests that livers have the capacity to grow by almost 50 percent during the day, before shrinking back to their original size at night. They are the only organ we know of that oscillate this way.

Bonus: Edward Snowden's first in-person interview with an American news outlet

(H/T to the site Free Snowden, which has an extensive and detailed list of all the NSA revelations.)